Thali- There is really no rule as to what makes up a Thali. It ranges depending on where you get. It's basically loads of little dishes all served on a tray or large metal plate, like a platter. They usually come with naan or poppadoms. Starter, main and dessert are often all served on the same platter. The idea behind a Thali is to offer all 6 different flavors of sweet, salt, bitter, sour, astringent and spicy on one single plate. Usually made of a few dishes consisting of lentils and peas, some chutneys and sauces also.
Palak Paneer- This was probably my favourite dish that i tried in India. It's a vegetarian dish made primarily of Spinach so is a rich green colour. It also had blocks of paneer in, which is a type of milk curd cheese, and as the same with all Indian dishes it's seasoned with many spices.
Stuffed Paratha- This is an Indian flatbread, which is then shallow fried and often stuffed with ingredients. You can get a range of stuffed parathas, stuffed with masala, potatoes, vegetables and much more.
Masala Dosa- This is a kind of thin pancake made from fermented batter. You can get a range of dosas, but i would recommend the masala dosa, they can be bought just as a dosa, but to me it tasted a little plain. The masala dosa is made by adding a filling of potatoes, fried onions and spices, and then the dosa is wrapped around them.
Samosa- Most people will know what this is. It's usually a fried dish with a savoury filling of vegetables and potatoes. You can also get meat samosas. They are often served with chilli sauce and can be bought on the streets.
Biryani- Biryani is flavoured rice with lots of added vegetables, eggs or meat. The main ingredients of biryani are rice, spices, herbs and vegetables. There are many versions of biryani that you can try, and they will vary depending on what region of India you visit. Most of them are delicious though.
Uttapam- This is made from rice flour. Unlike the dosa this is a thick pancake and ingredients are added to the top while it's being cooked. Again there are loads of different types of Uttapam you can try, with loads of different toppings. Usually it just consists of onions, tomatoes, chillies, and an assortment of vegetables.
Dal Makhani- Dal makhani is a popular vegetarian dish and is really flavoursome. The primary ingredients are whole black lentils, red kidney beans, tomatoes, onions, butter and cream.
Momos- Momos, even though they are not originally from India. They are believed to have originated in Nepal. These little dumplings are delicious, and can be bought all over India. It's basically a steamed dumpling filled with vegetables or meat. They are often served with a range of sauces and sometimes soup.
Undhiyu- This is another really nice mixed vegetable casserole dish. It's often only found in south India and at certain times of the year, but if you see it on a menu, it's definitely worth a try. The vegetables added are yams, sweet potatoes, regular potatoes, unripe banana, and indian flat beans. Again depending on where you get it, depends on how it's made.